Friday, June 20, 2008

NIDA InfoFacts: Drug Addiction Treatment Methods

National Insititue on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Types of Drug Addiction Treatment

A variety of scientifically based approaches to drug addiction treatment exist. Drug addiction treatment can include behavioral therapy (such as counseling, cognitive therapy, or psychotherapy), medications, or their combination.

In maintenance treatment for heroin addicts, people in treatment are given an oral dose of a synthetic opiate, usually methadone hydrochloride or levo-alpha-acetyl methadol (LAAM), administered at a dosage sufficient to block the effects of heroin and yield a stable, noneuphoric state free from physiological craving for opiates. In this stable state, the patient is able to disengage from drug-seeking and related criminal behavior and, with appropriate counseling and social services, become a productive member of his or her community.

Outpatient drug-free treatment does not include medications and encompasses a wide variety of programs for patients who visit a clinic at regular intervals. Most of the programs involve individual or group counseling. Patients entering these programs are abusers of drugs other than opiates or are opiate abusers for whom maintenance therapy is not recommended, such as those who have stable, well-integrated lives and only brief histories of drug dependence.

Therapeutic communities (TCs) are highly structured programs in which patients stay at a residence, typically for 6 to 12 months. Patients in TCs include those with relatively long histories of drug dependence, involvement in serious criminal activities, and seriously impaired social functioning. The focus of the TC is on the resocialization of the patient to a drug-free, crime-free lifestyle.

Short-term residential programs, often referred to as chemical dependency units, are often based on the "Minnesota Model" of treatment for alcoholism. These programs involve a 3- to 6-week inpatient treatment phase followed by extended outpatient therapy or participation in 12-step self-help groups, such as Narcotics Anonymous or Cocaine Anonymous. Chemical dependency programs for drug abuse arose in the private sector in the mid-1980s with insured alcohol/cocaine abusers as their primary patients. Today, as private provider benefits decline, more programs are extending their services to publicly funded patients.

Methadone maintenance programs are usually more successful at retaining clients with opiate dependence than are therapeutic communities, which in turn are more successful than outpatient programs that provide psychotherapy and counseling. Within various methadone programs, those that provide higher doses of methadone (usually a minimum of 60 mg.) have better retention rates. Also, those that provide other services, such as counseling, therapy, and medical care, along with methadone generally get better results than the programs that provide minimal services.

Drug treatment programs in prisons can succeed in preventing patients' return to criminal behavior, particularly if they are linked to community-based programs that continue treatment when the client leaves prison. Some of the more successful programs have reduced the rearrest rate by one-fourth to one-half. For example, the "Delaware Model," an ongoing study of comprehensive treatment of drug- addicted prison inmates, shows that prison-based treatment including a therapeutic community setting, a work release therapeutic community, and community-based aftercare reduces the probability of rearrest by 57 percent and reduces the likelihood of returning to drug use by 37 percent.

One type of drug addiction treatment that doesn’t use medication is called relapse prevention. This is an education process that helps the addict to control his or her own behavior. They are taught to see dangerous and troublesome situations and avoid them. This allows the addict to keep themselves away from the situations that could lead to further addiction or relapse in old behavior.

Another type of drug addiction treatment that is particularly popular with cocaine and heroin addicts is called supportive-expressive psychotherapy. With this type of drug addiction treatment, the addict works on their interpersonal relationships. They are taught to trust the support of others and use them as a way to combat their problem.

Thirdly, there is a type of drug addiction treatment called the matrix model. In this type of intensive treatment that works on the subconscious. In many ways, according to some, the matrix model is essentially a form of brainwashing where the addict is taught to avoid drugs and avoid drug situations as a way to fight the addiction.

Drug Addiction Treatment.


Anonymous said...

great methods..never knew about this
good blog

syn said...

Its great for this Treatment Method and most of them are been advantage by this,And its a great method to find such treatment.

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oliviaharis said...

In the past, drug addicts were portrayed in the media as flawed people with weak, moral characters, who withdraw from life’s difficulties and pressures by getting high and disappearing into their own psychedelic worlds.
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